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Later in the medieval tradition, Dante reinvents or rebrands the Furies (along with the gorgon Medusa) as symbols of madness. These spirits end up guarding the ramparts of Dis, the city of demons where intellectual sin faces Hellish punishments. In the encounter with the Furies, Virgil has to cover Dante's eyes to prevent his petrefaction. As a symbol of reason, Virgil is helpless against them and cannot bypass them until the divine intervention of an angel thrusts the evil spirits out of the way and forces open the drawbridge or gates blocking the path through the Inferno.

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FESTSCHRIFT (Ger. "Celebration-Writing"; plural festschriften): A festschrift is a collection of essays or studies in book form, dedicated to a former teacher or professor in his or her advanced age--often when that scholar retires or reaches the rank of emeritus professor. The individual scholarly writings come from his or her students, who typically collaborate to organize the work and contact the publisher, and present the collection to the teacher upon its publication. They can be as small a single slender volume or as large as a multi-volume work. Typically, the last section includes a tabula gratulatoria, an extended list of academic colleagues and friends who send their regards and good will to the scholar. See .

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FILI: A class of learned Irish poet in pre-Christian and early Christian Ireland. Legally, a fili had similar status to a Christian bishop, and in pagan times, the fili carried out some spells and divinations appropriate to the druids, the priestly class among the Celts.

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Why did Mary Shelley Write Frankenstein - Write a Writing

. Named Tisiphone, Euryale, and Alecto, these spirits would fly up from the underworld invisibly to punish murderers and those who contaminated holy places with . They would track down offenders via scent and then whisper madness and insanity in the ears of that guilty party. Like harpies (distinct but vaguly similar supernatural creatures), the Furies' forms mingled aspects of vultures and women. It was thought they would dance or stamp on the roofs of houses where such murderers lived, and they were associated with the cycle of bloodshed and vengeance rather than justice. They play prominent roles in the Oresteia trilogy, including Agamemnon.

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Frankenstein: The True Story - Wikipedia

FAËRIE: Tolkien contrasted the fairy (the mythic creature) with Faërie, the latter being both the Otherworld realm where elves and fey creatures held sway and more generally the sense of magic and wonder associated with that place. Tolkien's understanding of the term changed over the years of his writing and scholarship, and he happily used the term as both a noun and an adjective, but in general the following were traits of Faërie:

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Frankenstein | Advanced English @ EAWR | Page 2

FANTASTIC SUBLIME: David Sandner's term for the way 19th century Romantic poetry, fantasy literature, and children's literature partakes of the . In ancient Roman aesthetics, Longinus long ago commented on the way that especially tall mountains, especially deep ravines, especially dark caverns, or especially bright lights can inspire in the viewer a sense of the sublime--a mixture of awe, beauty, and fear that could be simultaneously attractive and repellant or overwhelming. Although Sandner Sandner's focus was on 19th-century writers like George Macdonald, Kenneth Grahame, and Christina Rossetti, his observations are applicable to fantasy literature more broadly, in which fantasy writers often create in their works geographies and events in which overwhelming size, depth, distance, and so forth are striking features of those works..

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10 Monstrous Facts About 'Frankenstein' | Mental Floss

In Tolkien's scholarly writings, he focuses on examples such as the Fairy Queen of Spenser, Annvwyn in Welsh legends like the Mabinogion, the Land of the Ever-Young (Tir-na-nOg) in Irish legend, and so forth. Arguably, Lórien and the various Elf Kingdoms in The Lord of the Rings and the land of Faery in Smith of Wootton Major are examples of Tolkien's fiction where we see the influence of this idea. See also and fantastic sublime.