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God's existence is a necessary presupposition of there being any moral judgments that are objective, that go beyond mere relativistic moral preferences; such judgments require standards external to any human mind-that is, they presume God's mind. Arguments against God's existence have been given by philosophers, atheists, and agnostics.

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Many philosophers have put forth their theories in order to prove the existence of God.

Philosophy Essay Descartes | Existence Of God | …

For instance, Hume questioned how we can be sure that the world was not created by a team; or that this is not one of many attempts at creations, the first few having been botched; or, on the other hand, that our world is not a poor first attempt "of an infant deity who afterwards abandoned it, ashamed of his lame performance."The arguments for the existence of God constitute one of the finestattempts of the human mind to break out of the world and go beyondthe sensible or phenomenal realm of experience.Certainly the question of God's existence is the most importantquestion of human philosophy. It affects the whole tenor of humanlife, whether man is regarded as the supreme being in the universeor whether it is believed that man has a superior being that he mustlove and obey, or perhaps defy.There are three ways one can argue for the existence of God.

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While theology may take God's existence as absolutely necessary on the basis of authority, faith, or revelation, many philosophers-and some theologians-have thought it possible to demonstrate by reason that there must be a God. St.

The remainder of the essay covers three additional philosophers whose views on the existence of God are less certain.

Religion and Science (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)

This system maintains that we have naturally some immediate consciousness, however dim at first, or some intuitive knowledge of God -- not indeed that we see Him in His essence face to face but that we know Him in His relation to creatures by the same act of cognition -- according to Rosmini, as we become conscious of being in general -- and therefore that the truth of His existence is as much a datum of philosophy as is the abstract idea of being.

Ibn Sina (Avicenna) - Islamic Philosophy Online

H H Farmer,Towards Belief in God; R Hazelton, On Proving God; J Hick, TheExistence of God; D Hicks, The Philosophical Basis of Theism; A JHoover, The Case for Christian Theism; S Jaki, The Road of Scienceand the Ways to God; C E M Joad, God and Evil; J Maritain,Approaches to God; E L Mascall, The Openness of Being; G Mavrodes,The Rationality of Belief in God; A Plantinga, ed., The OntologicalArgument; R C Sproul, If There Is a God, Why Are There Atheists?

Without a doubt, the question of God's existence is one of the most significant questions of human philosophy.

Essay #2 on the Existence of God

The first purported proof of the existence of God is the . The ontological argument seeks to prove the existence of God from the laws of logic alone. It dates back to St Anselm, an eleventh century philosopher-theologian and archbishop of Canterbury, but was also used by the French philosopher René Descartes. It argues that once we mentally grasp the concept of God we can see that God’s non-existence is impossible. This argument, if it is successful, demonstrates the existence of a perfect being that could not possibly fail to exist.

It is these religious experiences that have been used by philosophers to argue for the existence of God.

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Medieval philosopher Saint Thomas Aquinas expanded upon their ideas in the late 13th Century when he wrote, “The Five Ways.” Since then the Cosmological Argument has become one of the most widely accepted and criticized arguments for the existence of God.

Essay The Existence of God For centuries, the idea of God has been a part of man's history

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A Priori, or Ontological, ArgumentThis argument undertakes to deduce the existence of God from the idea of Him as the Infinite which is present to the human mind; but as already stated, theistic philosophers are not agreed as to the logical validity of this deduction.