The assertion that genetic engineering is wrong because it ..

Humans are the large-brained, allegedly sentient species that dominates Earth, and humans have greatly altered evolutionary processes, down to “engineering” the DNA of organisms. We have a “nature” and multi-billion year heritage, as any organism does. How much have we changed ours, and how much do our natures really matter? Can we consciously change our natures or overcome them? The nature/nurture debate is quite old, and as the domestication of plants and animals has demonstrated, or the , nurture can nature by selective breeding at the least. The , as an experiment, and the changes were dramatic. There is plenty about humanity that is nature at work, such as a child's acquisition of language or the urge to procreate (and the related ). Also, a great deal is socially learned. At least half of the variance in human traits such as intelligence and personality has been attributed to genetics, and nearly all the rest is socialization by the peer group (I believe that the , and the guiding role, but that is not scientifically demonstrable, at least today). But few of those scientific findings regarding human nature, if any of them, are relevant to why imperial "entertainment" is no longer . The improvement in standard of living due to increased energy consumption has precipitated many changes in what was once considered human "nature," such as . In a , would the dominant ideologies exalt and ?

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Free genetic engineering papers, essays, and research papers.

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The assertion that genetic engineering is wrong because it is unnatural strikes a chord with many people and, I think, encapsulates why they have a gut reaction against the technology. However, it is dismissed by regulators and many philosophers (eg. ), because they fail to examine how 'unnatural' and 'natural' are actually used in the context of technological practices. Instead, they focus on one or both of the two principal meanings of 'nature' given by John Stuart Mill (): nature is "the collective name for everything which is," in which case we cannot do anything that is unnatural; or "it is everything which is of itself, without voluntary human intervention," from which it follows that everything we do in a planned, considered way is unnatural. In contrast to these two meanings people do actually regard some technological products or practices as being more natural than others: organic farming is considered more natural than 'conventional' agriculture; wool, cotton and silk are 'natural' fibres whereas acrylic and polyester are not, and one particular technique for avoiding conception is termed 'natural birth-control' whereas the contraceptive pill would never be called 'natural.' Rather than dismissing such terminology as the product of romantic ignorance, I would like to pay attention to what 'unnatural' and 'natural' mean in these contexts. This I will do by considering the characteristics of the three sets of technologies mentioned above. I will then argue that genetic engineering can be said to be unnatural and put forward three reasons why the unnaturalness of a technology makes it morally suspect.

Genetic Engineering: What is Genetic Engineering?

This essay will discuss the impact of genetic engineering on everyday life, for example genetic disorders, disease and how its impact on life in the world today.

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The uneasy marriage of biology and engineering raises big questions about the nature of life.

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Surrounding both the issues of genetic engineering and cloning is the concept of "playing God." You'll often hear some congressman blathering on about how we have "no right to 'play God'." We're never told why we don't have this right. It's just the most recent mantra that bureaucrats have chosen to indoctrinate the public with. This one works particularly well, since the overwhelming majority of Americans are religious (only about 10% are nonreligious), Christian, Jewish and Muslim in particular. So, no matter whose god you're talking about, most everyone will agree that it's wrong to assume his role. We're never told why, but I suspect it has something to do with the assumed perfection of the Christian/Jewish/Islam God. I say that becaue the overwhelming majority or cloning opponents are Christian, Jewish and Islam (no mystery behind that one; supposedly they're all the same God, according to Judaism and Islam. Christianity, of course, believes that their God is different and better). While I can imagine the Buddhist and Hindu religions having objections to cloning based on their beliefs in reincarnation, I haven't really heard of Buddhist monks actively preaching out against cloning, trying to influence state matters.

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That's why I can't get into arguments about whether genetic engineering is a good or a bad thing. Like all technologies, it depends upon who is wielding it, with what goal. The only thing one can say is that if corporations wield it for the purpose of generating marketable products, that is a very different goal, a different direction for evolution than anything the planet has seen so far.

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However, for this Epochal Event, unlike the others, we actually have hints of what might lie ahead, and . One set of noteworthy visions comes from Michael Roads's , which is particularly inspiring and enlightening. Roads visited two future human realities, about 300 years into our future. They were on opposite ends of the fear/love spectrum. Both were technologically advanced compared to today and both had genetic engineering, but the made Los Angeles seem like , while a Disney movie could not begin to depict the . Visions such as those make it clear to me that our future will be what make it. What we choose to do, , determines what our tomorrow looks like. The fear-based world that Roads visited was filled with victims, from top to bottom. Those in that heavenly world all acted like true creators, and creators create with love. , and learning that lesson be the reason why we are here, playing this life-on-Earth game.