Was ‘On the Waterfront’ Elia Kazan’s Apology to …
Tracking the progress of my photo essay on guys who love Levi's.
Change was an important theme for the immigrant Kazan. He went through many changes in his own life: different theater groups, disillusionment with his early political views, signing into the Hollywood system, going from one actor to another, different wives, many affairs, and so on. On the Waterfront is a movie about change: the change in Terry, in Edie, and in the longshoremen. And for change, the pigeons are again a symbol.
Waterfront – the port and the city
The film opens with Johnny Friendly and his henchmen leaving their waterfront headquarters, having given Terry his orders. Terry lures his friend Joey Doyle up to the roof from which they both fly pigeons. There, Joey is, to Terry’s surprise and regret, killed by other union goons. “I figured the worst they was gonna do was lean on him a little bit.”