Essay about How the Grinch Stole Christmas-Psychology

The psychological theory assumed by Glaucon in stating the contractarian account of justice was best stated and most ably defended by Hume. Hume held that the human mind is divided into two parts: reason and the passions. The passionate part provides us with goals, things we want for their own sake. The rational element serves to determine the best, or most efficient, means of attaining that which the passionate element has informed us we want. For Hume, reason does not play a direct role in providing us with motives; it does not determine what we want, only how to get that which we want. As Hume put it, reason "is, and ought only to be, the slave of the passions". But this powerful and elegant picture will not serve Plato's purposes as can be seen by conjoining Plato's reconciliation of morality with rationality with Humean psychology. To see that this is so I will first sketch what the Platonic project would look like had Plato adopted a Humean psychology. I will then explain why he had to reject this Humean/Platonic account. My hope is that an understanding of Plato's rejection of the Humean story will illuminate the role Plato's account of the mind plays in his moral theory.

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The subject of moral development has a lot of interest in both education and psychology.

The Moral Instinct - New York Times

In the field of moral development, morality is defined as principles for how individuals ought to treat one another, with respect to justice, others’ welfare, and rights (, cited under ). Understanding the acquisition of morality also includes investigating the roles of prosocial behavior, emotions, beliefs, and intentionality to explain how morality is acquired in development, and to provide a full picture of moral development. The field of moral development is broad, focusing on the roles of peers, authority figures, and culture as important influences; conscience and values as self-regulatory mechanisms; perspective taking, empathy and altruism; moral neuroscience and comparative approaches; and positive youth development and civic engagement. Whereas the interest in morality spans many disciplines (e.g., economics, biology, philosophy, and political science) and specializations within psychology (e.g., social, cognitive, and cultural), moral developmental psychology research focuses on questions of origins and changes in morality across the lifespan. While this bibliography cannot cover all of the abovementioned areas, the review will highlight both traditional and current theories to introduce the extant research on moral development.

The Moral Life of Babies | The New York Times

In this essay we will present a brief synopsis of what psychology is and introduce the reader to the primary biological foundations of psychology that are linked to behavior as well as introducing the reader to the major schools of thought in psychology.

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Title Length Color Rating : Is Psychology a Science

ABSTRACT: I argue that Plato's psychological theories are motivated by concerns he had about moral theory. In particular, Plato rejects the modern account of rationality as the maximization of subjectively evaluated self-interest because, had he adopted such an account, his theory of justice would be subject to criticisms which he holds are fatal to the contractarian theory of justice. While formulating a theory to remain within ethical constraints sometimes violates the canons of scientific theorizing, Plato avoids this mistake.

Moral and Character Development. Citation: Huitt, W. (2004). Moral and character development. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, …

Moral character: What it is and what it does - …

In Book IV of the Republic, Plato provides us with an account of human psychology compatible with the idea that we might be motivated by the goal of acting in our actual, rather than our apparent, self-interest; he outlines a picture of human nature which allows for the possibility that moral motives could be our motives. The first step in understanding Plato here is to see why he feels it is necessary to develop this account of human nature. Why doesn't he simply rely on the standard account of human nature, the account adopted by the contractarians with whom he is arguing?

Lawrence Kohlberg's stages of moral development constitute an adaptation of a psychological theory originally conceived by the Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget.

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In this essay I will be discussing what is actually meant by this and whether psychology fits into both the traditional views of a science, as well as more contemporary perspectives.