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Gamma Glutamyltransferase: GGT – This enzyme is has its highest concentration in the kidneys and pancreas, but it is also found in the liver and other organs. The major proportion of GGT in the serum seems to come from the liver. Elevations of GGT in disease seem to stem from new synthesis rather than leakage, therefore the changes seen due to disease are not spectacular. Large elevations of GGT are more commonly associated with pancreatitis and bile duct obstruction.

Routine physical exam findings might include:

Skin infections and wounds that do not heal, or recur after antibiotics are stopped

Extensive Blood Work and Diagnostic Testing

Mr. CA, a 68-year-old salesman from Ohio was infected with hepatitis C, following a blood transfusion in the hospital. Soon afterwards, he became ill and was found to have hepatitis C. He was sent to a hepatologist who immediately put him on interferon and ribaviron, which made him feel as if he had influenza for several months, and the drugs ultimately damaged his bone marrow. After the failure of interferon/ribaviron, Mr. CA was told that nothing could be done other than liver transplantation.

Mr. CA presented to my office suffering from fatigue, anxiety, abdominal pain, and anemia, and his abdomen was distended with fluid (ascites). I treated him with my triple antioxidant therapy. Within a short time he began to feel normal and was free of the signs and symptoms of liver disease. Some of his results may be seen in figures (33KB .pdf)

Symptoms of bowel cancer include:

Mr. EA, a 54-year-old man from California was infected with hepatitis C during a blood transfusion following surgery. He did not feel well for several years following surgery, and his physician did some laboratory tests that demonstrated hepatitis C. A liver biopsy showed moderate cirrhosis with active inflammation.

Mr. EA presented to my office with fatigue, anxiety, abdominal pain, and some ascites. His ALT was elevated, and his viral load was elevated by the Chiron PCR method. I treated him with my Triple Antioxidant Therapy (ALA, selenium, and silymarin), and within a few months, he started to feel normal. Some of his results are illustrated in figures .(31KB .pdf)

Yellowish discoloration (icterus or jaundice) of the ears, gums, or hairless areas of the skin

ALT | Canine Liver Disease Foundation

Perfect technique for visualizing the circulation of the liver, the bile duct system, the density of the liver tissue, the size of the liver. Ultrasound is highly beneficial in the diagnosis of liver disease. We recommend ultrasounding a liver when the liver enzymes tests are elevated over time, or the bile acids test is abnormal. The internal structure (called parenchyma) can be analyzed, and post-hepatic liver disease can be differentiated from hepatic liver disease. This can be very important because disease in the liver can often be diagnosed with a biopsy during the ultrasound. Post-hepatic liver disease cannot easily be diagnosed in this matter. Instead it is diagnosed and treated with an exploratory surgery (called a laparotomy).

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X rays can show increased liver size, decreased liver size liver abscesses, abnormal mineralization , and circulatory abnormalities (using special dyes).

Anemia might be observed by checking the mucous membranes for a normal pink color

This page was last updated on: Wednesday, January 3, 2018

is often used before surgery for locally advanced rectal cancer and may be used in combination with chemotherapy to reduce the number and size of cancer cells.

Normal Test Range: Pre = Less than 7.0 umol/L, Post = Less than 15.0umol/L*

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1) Excluding non-melanoma skin cancer, which is the most commonly diagnosed cancer according to general practice and hospitals data, however there is no reporting of cases to cancer registries.

Radiograph the abdomen

About Cancer | Cancer Research UK

While this is a surgical technique, it is the ultimate for diagnosis, since it allows us to directly examine and test liver tissue, give an absolute diagnosis and hopefully a final treatment regime. Biopsies can be taken by full laparotomy, where the surgeon actually looks at the liver and removes a small piece, or they can be done by a biopsy needle guided by ultrasound through the body wall. The liver will regenerate any piece that has been removed, therefore liver biopsy is usually a low risk procedure in capable hands.